Peer Reviewed Publications

We hope you find our list of research below informative. All have been peer-reviewed and published in academic journals.

Due to journal copyright restrictions, we can't link to the full texts of some publications. If you find the full text isn't available in the link, just send us a request to gender-research@unimelb.edu.au and we will gladly email you a copy.

 
A doctor flipping through paper files

Healthcare Delivery

 

The Informed Consent Model of Care for Accessing Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy is Associated with High Patient Satisfaction.

Spanos C, Grace JA, Leemaqz SY, Brownhill A, Cundill P, Locke P, Wong P, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. The Informed Consent Model of care for accessing gender-affirming hormone therapy is associated with high patient satisfaction. J Sex Med 2021;18(1):201-208.

CATEGORIES: Healthcare Delivery, Informed Consent.

Australian Endocrinologists Need More Training in Transgender Health: A National Survey.

Bretherton I, Grossmann M, Leemaqz SY, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Australian endocrinologists need more training in transgender health: A national survey. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2020 Mar;92(3):247-257.

CATEGORIES: Healthcare Delivery, Doctors.

Cross-Sex Hormone Therapy in Australia: the Prescription Patterns of Clinicians Experienced in Adult Transgender Healthcare.

Bretherton I, Thrower E, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Cross-sex hormone therapy in Australia: the prescription patterns of clinicians experienced in adult transgender healthcare. Intern Med J 2019 Feb;49(2):182-188.

CATEGORIES: Healthcare Delivery, Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy.

Approach to Interpreting Common Laboratory Pathology Tests in Transgender Individuals.

Cheung AS, Lim HY, Cook T, Zwickl S, Ginger A, Chiang C, Zajac JD. Approach to interpreting common laboratory pathology tests in transgender individuals. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2020.

CATEGORIES: Healthcare Delivery, Approach to the Patient, Lab Tests, Pathology. Refereed Review Publication.

 
Two transmasculine friends embracing while sitting down

Mental Health and Wellbeing

Image credit: Gender Spectrum Collection.

 

The Impact of the First Three Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Australian Trans Community.

Zwickl S, Angus LM, Wong AFQ, Ginger A, Eshin K, Cook T, Leemaqz SY, Dowers E, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. The impact of the first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Australian trans community. Int J Transgend Health 2021 Mar

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, COVID.

Factors Associated with Suicide Attempts Among Australian Transgender Adults.

Zwickl S, Wong AFQ, Dowers E, Leemaqz SY, Bretherton I, Cook T, Zajac JD, Yip PSF, Cheung AS. Factors associated with suicide attempts among Australian transgender adults. BMC Psychiatry 2021;21:18.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Suicide.

The Health and Well-Being of Transgender Australians: A National Community Survey.

Bretherton I, Thrower E, Zwickl S, Wong A, Chetcuti D, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. The health and well-being of transgender Australians: a national community survey. LGBT Health 2021; 8(1):42-49.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Depression, Suicide, ADHD, ASD.

Non-Binary and Binary Gender Identity in Australian Trans and Gender Diverse Individuals.

Cheung AS, Leemaqz SY, Wong JP, Chew D, Ooi O, Zwickl S, Cundill P, Silberstein N, Locke P, Grayson R, Zajac JD, Pang KC.  Non-Binary and Binary Gender Identity in Australian Trans and Gender Diverse Individuals. Arch Sex Behav. 2020 Oct;49(7):2673-2681.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Non-Binary.

Health Needs of Trans and Gender Diverse Adults in Australia: A Qualitative Analysis of a National Community Survey.

Zwickl S, Wong A, Bretherton I, Rainier M, Chetcuti D, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Health Needs of Trans and Gender Diverse Adults in Australia: A Qualitative Analysis of a National Community Survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 16(24):5088.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Qualitative.

Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Transgender Adults in Australia.

Cheung AS, Ooi O, Leemaqz S, Cundill P, Silberstein N, Bretherton I, Thrower E, Locke P, Grossmann M, Zajac JD. Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Transgender Adults in Australia. Transgend Health 2018; 3(1), 229-238.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Cross-Sectional.

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Amongst Individuals with Gender Dysphoria: A Systematic Review.

Thrower E, Bretherton I, Pang KC, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder amongst individuals with gender dysphoria: a systematic review. J Autism Dev Disord 2020 Mar;50(3):695-706.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Review, Autism, ADHD. Refereed Review Publication.

Youths with a Non-Binary Gender Identity: A Review of their Sociodemographic and Clinical Profile.

Chew D, Tollit MA, Poulakis Z, Zwickl S, Cheung AS, Pang KC. Youths with a non-binary gender identity: a review of their sociodemographic and clinical profile. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2020 Apr;4(4):322-330. doi: 10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30403-1. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

CATEGORIES: Mental Health and Wellbeing, Review, Non-Binary. Refereed Review Publication.

 
A pharmacist selecting medications while looking at a file

Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy

 

Short-Term Effects of Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy on Dysphoria and Quality of Life in Transgender Individuals: A Prospective Controlled Study.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Case Control.

Feminizing Hormone Therapy Prescription Patterns and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Older Transgender Individuals in Australia.

Balcerek MI, Nolan BJ, Brownhill A, Wong P, Locke P, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Feminizing hormone therapy prescription patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in older transgender individuals in Australia. Front Endocrinol 2021 Jun.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Ageing.

Insulin Resistance in Transgender Individuals Correlates with Android Fat Mass.

Bretherton I, Spanos C, Leemaqz SY, Premaratne G, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Insulin resistance in transgender individuals correlates with android fat mass. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 2021;12:1-12.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Cross-Sectional, Insulin Resistance, Body Composition.

Global Coagulation Assays in Transgender Women on Oral and Transdermal Estradiol Therapy.

Lim HY, Leemaqz SY, Torkamani N, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Nandurkar H, Ho P, Cheung AS. Global coagulation assays in transgender women on oral and transdermal estradiol therapy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Jul 1;105(7):dgaa262.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Estradiol, Blood Clots.

Relationships Between Body Mass Index with Oral Estradiol Dose and Serum Estradiol Concentration in Transgender Adults Undergoing Feminising Hormone Therapy.

Nolan BJ, Brownhill A, Bretherton I, Wong P, Fox S, Locke P, Russell N, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Relationships between body mass index with oral estradiol dose and serum estradiol concentration in transgender adults undergoing feminising hormone therapy. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 2020;11:1-7.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Cross-Sectional, Estradiol, Body Composition.

Prevalence of Polycythaemia with Different Formulations of Testosterone Therapy in Transmasculine Individuals.

Nolan BJ, Leemaqz SY, Ooi O, Cundill P, Silberstein N, Locke P, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Prevalence of polycythaemia with different formulations of testosterone therapy in transmasculine individuals. Intern Med J. 2020 Apr 1.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Cross-Sectional, Testosterone, Polycythaemia.

Cyproterone Acetate or Spironolactone in Lowering Testosterone Concentrations for Transgender Individuals Receiving Oestradiol Therapy.

Angus L, Leemaqz S, Ooi O, Cundill P, Silberstein N, Locke P, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Cyproterone acetate or spironolactone in lowering testosterone concentrations for transgender individuals receiving Oestradiol therapy. Endocr Connect 2019; 8(7):935-940. 

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Cross-Sectional, Anti-Androgens.

Testosterone Therapy Considerations in Oestrogen, Progesterone and Androgen Receptor Positive Breast Cancer in a Transgender Man.

Light M, McFarlane T, Ives A, Shah B, Lim E, Grossmann M, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. Testosterone therapy considerations in oestrogen, progesterone and androgen receptor positive breast cancer in a transgender man. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2020;93:355–357.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Case Report, Breast Cancer, Testosterone.

Testicular Cancer in Trans People Using Feminising Hormone Therapy– A Brief Review.

Bensley J, Cheung AS, Grossmann M, Papa N. Testicular Cancer in Trans People Using Feminising Hormone Therapy– A Brief Review. Urology 2021 Nov.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Testicular Cancer. Refereed Review Publication.

The Effect of Gender-Affirming Hormones on Gender Dysphoria, Quality of Life and Psychological Functioning in Transgender Individuals: A Systematic Review.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Gender Dysphoria. Refereed Review Publication.

Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs): A Potential Option for Non-Binary Gender-Affirming Hormonal Care?

Xu JY, O'Connell MA, Notini L, Cheung AS, Zwickl S, Pang KC. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs): a potential option for non-binary gender-affirming hormonal care? Front Endocrinol 2021.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Non-Binary. Refereed Review Publication.

Sexual Dimorphism in Innate Immunity: The Role of Sex Hormones and Epigenetics.

Shepherd R, Cheung AS, Pang KC, Saffery R, Novakovic B. Sexual dimorphism in innate immunity: The role of sex hormones and epigenetics. Front Immunol 2021;11:Article604000

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Immune. Refereed Review Publication.

Efficacy of Micronised Progesterone for Sleep: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trial Data.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Progesterone, Sleep. Refereed Review Publication.

Relationship Between Serum Estradiol Concentrations and Clinical Outcomes in Transgender Individuals Undergoing Feminising Hormone Therapy: A Narrative Review.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Estradiol. Refereed Review Publication.

A Systematic Review of Anti-Androgens and Feminisation in Transgender Women.

Angus LM, Nolan BJ, Zajac JD, Cheung AS. A systematic review of anti-androgens and feminisation in transgender women. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2020.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Anti-Androgens. Refereed Review Publication.

Estradiol Therapy in the Perioperative Period: Implications for Transfeminine Individuals.

Nolan BJ and Cheung AS. Estradiol therapy in the perioperative period: implications for transfeminine individuals. Yale J Biol Med. 2020 Sep 30;93(4):539-548. eCollection 2020 Sep.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Estradiol, Surgery. Refereed Review Publication.

Effects of Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy on Insulin Resistance and Body Composition in Transgender Individuals: A Systematic Review.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Insulin Resistance, Body Composition. Refereed Review Publication.

Position Statement on the Hormonal Management of Transgender and Gender Diverse Individuals in Australia.

Cheung AS, Wynne K, Murray S, Erasmus J, Zajac JD. Position statement on the hormonal management of transgender and gender diverse individuals in Australia. Med J Aust 2019 Aug;211(3):127-133.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Position Statement, Guidelines. Refereed Review Publication.

Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy and the Risk of Sex Hormone-Dependent Tumours in Transgender Individuals: A Systematic Review.

CATEGORIES: Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy, Review, Tumours, Cancer. Refereed Review Publication.